visualization of data shown in a simple table originally produced in
1895 and represented in Muller v.
US 412) 1907, sometimes called "the Brandeis brief."
visualization is a horizontal bar plot whose vertical axis is ordinal
values of weekly hours worked by 4376 women in 279
the data range up to 80, a value of 100 gives more space for the
vertical axis labels are reasonably aligned vertically so the fractions
are clearly visible.
- The horizontal axis
could also be labeled above (but Excel doesn't support this).
- The rows of the graphic are reversed from the
order of the original 'table,' with largest values at the top.
- The graphic makes the distribution of hours by
establishment much easier to see.
- Very few of the establishments offer employees an
- The median establishment is about 10 hours per
- The original intervals are ambiguous: they
overlap except for the top 2 intervals.
- Would reversing the order of the rows facilitate
viewing the graphic as a 'histogram'?